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Depression Definition and the Different Types

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression is
the fourth leading cause of disability and is affecting about
121 million people from across the globe. It can affect persons
of all races, ages, and genders.

Depression Definition

Depression refers to an array of abnormal variation in the mood
of a person. It is a condition that involves the chemicals in
the brain. Depression is more than just a feeling of being sad
or blue. A person who is depressed usually shows feelings of
guilt, loss of pleasure or interest, depressed mood, low self
worth, loss of appetite, and low energy.

The Different Types of Depression

Here are the several types or forms of depressive disorder and
their corresponding depression definition:

* Major depression disorder. Major depressive disorder is also
called as major depression. This form of depression is
characterized by a group of symptoms that intervene with an
individual’s study, sleep, work, activity, and relationship
with others. This form of depression is disabling and usually
affects the person’s normal functioning.

* Dysthymic disorder. Dysthymic disorder, or otherwise known as
dysthymia, is characterized by less severe symptoms that may
not be disabling to a person but can prevent him or her from
feeling well or functioning normally. This type of depression
usually affects an individual for two years or more. People who
are affected with this type of depression may also experience
one or more episodes of major depression at some point of their
lives.

* Psychotic depression. This is the type of depression that
occurs together with a psychosis. A person with psychotic
depression experiences delusions and hallucinations.

* Postpartum depression. Postpartum depression can be found in
some women who just gave birth. This is common within a month
after delivery, although not all women experience postpartum
depression. Approximately 10-15% of women who just gave birth
experience this type of depression.

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* Seasonal affective disorder or SAD. From the term it self,
this type of disorder only occurs in a certain season, usually
during winter, when there is lesser sunlight. During summer and
spring, the depression usually subsides. Usual treatment for
this type of depression is light therapy. However, in some
cases, psychotherapy and antidepressant medications are needed
since not all people respond light therapy.

* Bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is previously termed as
manic depression. This disorder is characterized by alternating
periods of extremely elevated mood (mania) and depressed mood.

Knowing the types and the different depression definitions is
not enough to stop depression. For you want to live a normal
life again that is free from the harmful effects of depression,
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use, fast acting, and of course, with permanent effects that
can cure all these forms of depression listed above. Natural
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