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History, Origination and Definition of Schizophrenia

The word Schizophrenia whose origination lies in the Greek
roots: schizo (split) and phrene (mind), is used to describe a
kind of mental disorder in which a person goes through nebulous
thoughts and lose track of reality.

Schizophrenia in 2000B.C.

The history of Schizophrenia ages back to around 2000 B.C.,
when little was known about mental disorders. The only way to
cure mental disorder was to drive the evil spirit out of the
body as people believed that the evil spirit is the cause of
this. There were many ways of exorcism, in some cases patients
were made to listen to strange music, believing that this would
drive out the evil spirit, while in other cases holes were
drilled into the skull of the patient, providing spirits a way
to escape from the patient’s brain.

Schizophrenia as understood by the Egyptians

A mention of mental disorders and their symptoms is there in
The Book of Heart, an Egyptian book. The Egyptians conceived
that heart and brain are linked to each other. Hence, according
to them if a person is suffering from some kind of mental
disorder, it was a validation of the fact that he has certain
heart ailments. All the people suffering from Schizophrenia
were considered mad and dangerous, in spite of the display of
their normal human characteristics at all other times. The only
refuges for them were the mental homes. Such brutality and
misconception existed till science evolved and scientists,
researchers and clinicians came up with a logical and apt
explanation for the condition.

Evolution in the understanding of Schizophrenia

Initial efforts to understand and record atypical mental
behaviors were made in the seventeenth century. Later in 1887,
Emile Kraepelin, who was a German psychiatrist, classified
different kinds of mental disorders and defined them by one
term: dementia praecox. In the nineteenth century the awareness
of people towards diseases and their causes increased
tremendously. This century saw an explosion of discoveries in
the field of medical science. In 1908, a Swiss psychiatrist
named Eugen Bleuler gave these mental disorders a name of
Schizophrenia. The definition and symptoms of Schizophrenia
that we are using today was put up by another German
psychiatrist,Kurt Schneider, in 1957.

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Regardless of the progression in medical science, there were
few people who were unable to accept the logic and explanation
of science and for their benefit continued to commit cruelty
towards human race, one such example is the case of World War
II. During the World War II Schizophrenia was identified to be
a genetic disorder and in order to prevent transmission of the
condition from one generation to another and practice selective
procreation, mentally disturbed people were killed.

Despite of such pathetic examples in the history of
Schizophrenia, psychiatrists, doctors and scientists have never
given up hope and have worked day and night for advancement in
the understanding of Schizophrenia. Many misconceptions about
Schizophrenia have become clear. Slowly, the general public is
able to sympathize and understand the challenges of people with
Schizophrenia, therefore reducing the need for brutal
treatments and asylum lodging. To help treat and relieve their
mental disorder, you need to spend time, show care and
affection with proper medication.

Schizophrenia is a terrible mental disorder that affects 1
percent of the US population. You can learn more about this
condition, including schizophrenia test and schizophrenia
definition on Clivir – the free learning community.

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